In State v. Olson, the New Mexico Supreme Court recently reversed a Court of Appeals decision, addressing a police officer's authority to question a person about unrelated crimes after pulling him over for a traffic violation.
An officer filling out paperwork noticed Defendant driving suspiciously. After following the defendant, the officer noticed that the car's temporary tags were expired and pulled him over. When he approached the vehicle, the officer recognized the passenger in the front seat as a prostitute. The officer then asked Defendant to step out of the car.
Defendant was holding a fanny pack and the officer asked him to place it on the hood of car, as a safety precaution. When asked for identification, Defendant reached for his fanny pack. The officer asked to look inside the fanny pack, to make sure no weapons were inside and the defendant agreed.